Arkansas Post National Memorial

Arkansas Post National Memorial

History

Stories

1541 - Hernando de Soto in Arkansas
Two hundred years before Lewis and Clark, over sixty years before Jamestown and Plymoth Rock, Hernando de Soto and an army of over six hundred embarked on a four year, four thousand mile odyssey in search of fame and fortune in North America.


1783 - The American Revolution in Arkansas.
On April 17, 1783, British partisans and their Chickasaw allies attacked the remote fort at Arkansas Post.

1863 - American Civil War at Arkansas Post
" A blaze of fire flashed like lightening from our line, sending three thousand bullets into the Federal ranks."

 

History & Culture


History & Culture

In 1686, Henri de Tonti established a trading post known as "Poste de Arkansea" at the Quapaw village of Osotouy. It was the first semi-permanent French settlement in the lower Mississippi River Valley. The establishment of the Post was the first step in a long struggle between France, Spain, and England for dominance of the Mississippi River Valley.

Over the years, the Post relocated as necessary due to flooding from the Arkansas River, but its position always served of strategic importance for the French, Spanish, American, and Confederate military.Spanish soldiers and British partisans clashed here in the 1783 Colbert Raid, the only Revolutionary War action in Arkansas.

Spanish soldiers and British partisans clashed here in the 1783 Colbert Raid, the only Revolutionary War action in Arkansas.

Arkansas Post became part of the United States following the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. By 1819, the post was a thriving river port and the largest city in the region and selected as the first capital of the Arkansas Territory.

During the Civil War, Confederate troops tried to maintain tactical control of the confluence of the Arkansas and White Rivers, and in 1862 they constructed a massive earthen fortification known as Fort Hindman at the Post. In January 1863 Union troops destroyed the fort, ensuring control of the Arkansas River.

People

Before Arkansas Post

First settled by American Indians over a thousand years ago, this landscape has borne witness to centuries of human history. Arkansas Post National Memorial commemorates a bygone era defined by the stories of those that struggled to keep their land and way of life.

Learn more about Arkansas's Native Peoples.

January 10-11, 1863

Units and Vessels at the Battle of Arkansas Post