Buffalo Gap National Grassland

Buffalo Gap National Grassland

Quick Facts

Buffalo Gap National Grassland

South Dakota

(308) 432-0300


Things To Do


Buffalo Gap Grassland is divided into two areas located in southern South Dakota. One area is south and northeast of Hot Springs and the other is south and west of Wall. There are few developed recreation sites, but plenty of space for all kinds of recreational opportunities.

There is only one small developed recreation area on the Buffalo Gap National Grassland. The National Grassland Visitor Center is located in Wall, South Dakota. This site provides the history behind the system of the National Grasslands located across the West.

While there is only one developed campground, there are plenty of open spaces to camp.

Map of Buffalo Gap Grassland

Latitude, Longitude: 43.863390, -101.797960



  • Camping

    Primitive camping is allowed in most areas of the grassland. French Creek Camping Area is the only developed campground, with picnic tables, fire rings, water, and a vault toilet.

  • Hiking

    The area adjacent to the campground is excellent for hiking and rockhounding.

  • Historic Sites

    The National Grasslands Visitor Center, located in Wall, SD is dedicated to educating visitors on the history of the grasslands around them.

  • Horseback Riding

    The wide-open spaces of the grassland lend themselves well to exploring on horseback.

  • Wildlife Watching

    Over 100 species of animals can be found on the Buffalo Gap National Grassland. Nature has adapted these animals to life on the Grassland. Each animal has the right coloration and behavior patterns to survive in one or more of the habitats found here. Several species also rely on the abandoned structures from the Homestead Era that remain on the Grassland.

    The black-footed ferret, the most endangered mammal in North America, is thriving in the Conata Basin area of Buffalo Gap National Grassland. These mostly nocturnal animals are hard to spot during the day. Other watchable wildlife include prairie dogs, mule and whitetail deer, pronghorn, prairie vole, snakes, coyotes, badgers, jackrabbits, gophers, lizards, porcupines, red fox and birds.

Park Partners

Black Hills Parks & Forests Association

The Black Hills Parks & Forests Association is a non-profit cooperating association that partners with state and federal agencies to promote public understanding, appreciation, and stewardship of the Black Hills natural and cultural heritage.

The Black Hills Parks & Forests Association sells books, maps, and other park related publications online and in visitor centers at Wind Cave National Park, Jewel Cave National Monument, Custer State Park, the Buffalo Gap National Grasslands, and Black Hills National Forest. The association publishes books and material about these areas.

The association uses the proceeds from its sales to provide financial aid to its partner agencies. The monetary donations are used to print interpretive publications, fund internship positions, purchase educational supplies and equipment, serve as matching funds for grant requests, and provide assistance toward research projects.

They also supply bookstore materials to the 1881 Custer County Courthouse Museum in Custer, SD and the Hudson Meng Bison Kill in Crawford, NE.

Phone Numbers


(308) 432-0300