History/Culture

Things To Do

Things To Do Brown v. Board of Education NHS is located in the former Monroe Elementary School, one of four African American elementary schools. The school has recently been rehabilitated to its 1954 appearance. 1) When you first enter the site, you will be welcomed by a park ranger who will ...

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Sights to See

Guided Tours USS Cassin Young USS Cassin Young is open for main deck visits (weather permitting) from 10 am to 4 pm daily. Forty-five minute guided tours that bring visitors to areas of the ship not normally open to the public are conducted daily at 11 am, 2 pm and 3 ...

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Becoming a Park

On October 25, 1923, President Calvin Coolidge signed a proclamation creating Carlsbad Cave National Monument to protect Carlsbad Cavern and the area around it—nearly 720 acres—for its "extraordinary proportions and unusual beauty and variety of natural decoration." In 1930, Congress designated the monument as Carlsbad Caverns National Park. Today, the ...

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John Muir

When a young Scotsman named John Muir arrived in San Francisco in 1868, it is said that he asked for directions to "anywhere that's wild." He was pointed toward the Sierra Nevada, and it was there that a love story between man and nature began. Legend has it that he ...

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William Henry Jackson

William Henry Jackson, a celebrated photographer of the West, gained fame when his 1871 Hayden Expedition photos helped persuade Congress to establish Yellowstone as a national park. Jackson's career began in Vermont, where, at age 15, he was a photo retoucher until conscripted into the Union Army. After the ...

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Harry Yount

In 1880, Yellowstone's superintendent set Lamar Valley aside as a game reserve to protect the remaining herds of deer, elk, antelope and bighorn sheep, whose numbers had been devastated by market hunters. (Hunting was then allowed in the park.) Harry Yount, a frontiersman known as "Rocky Mountain Harry," was hired ...

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Hayden Expedition

Dr. Ferdinand V. Hayden, director of the U.S. Geological & Geographical Survey of the Territories, decided to explore the Yellowstone area at the urging of Nathaniel P. Langford and his cohorts. After receiving an appropriation of $40,000, Hayden set forth from Ogden, Utah, with a party of 34 men ...

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History of Yellowstone

Throughout its dynamic history, Yellowstone has inspired awe in all its visitors—American Indians, mountain men, explorers and modern-day adventurers. The Earliest Humans in Yellowstone The human history of the vast Yellowstone region goes back more than 11,000 years. How far back has yet to be determined, but their presence probably coincided ...

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The Immigrant Journey

In his book, A Nation of Immigrants, John F. Kennedy writes, “There were probably as many reasons for coming to America as there were people who came. It was a highly individual decision.” Historians agree that three social forces were the chief motivators for the mass migration to America: ...

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Mary Elizabeth Jane Colter

Architect Mary Elizabeth Jane Colter was fascinated by Southwestern and American Indian cultures. Her talent and determination to reflect the heritage of the region led to her designs of the Desert View Watchtower, Hopi House, Bright Angel Lodge, Hermits Rest, Lookout Studio and Phantom Ranch (at canyon bottom). Virtually ...

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