Mount Rushmore National Memorial

History of Mount Rushmore

South Dakota's first inhabitants lived more than 9,000 years ago. Most of these nomadic tribes migrated with the massive herds of bison (commonly called buffalo) that roamed the grasslands of the Great Plains. Early hunters relied on the furry beasts for everything from meat, clothing and fuel for fire ...

In A Nutshell

Mount Rushmore National Memorial is open year-round. The memorial can be viewed from the roadside 24-hours-a-day. The main developed area (including facilities) is closed from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m. in the winter, and 11 p.m. to 5 a.m. in the summer. The memorial is best viewed and photographed ...


Born in 1743 to Virginia planters, Thomas Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence at age 33, giving the nation a plan for sover-eignty and freedom. Jefferson also served as governor of his native state, as minister to France and as secretary of state for four years under President Washington. ...


"The Great Emancipator," Abraham Lincoln, was born to impoverished parents in Kentucky's backwoods in 1809. Lincoln taught himself law, served in the Illinois Legislature, then gained a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives. In 1858, he challenged Senator Stephen Douglas and—through wit, wisdom and a series of historic ...

Lincoln Borglum Museum

The museum has two 125-seat theaters where visitors can view a 13-minute orientation movie about how and why the memorial was carved. A bookstore operated by the Mount Rushmore History Association, restrooms, water fountains and phones are also available. With more than 5,200 square feet of exhibit space, the ...

Making Mount Rushmore

Mount Rushmore National Memorial is as much a product of dreams and determination as it is the work of a talented sculptor.  The Father of Rushmore In 1923, Doane Robinson, the aging superintendent of the South Dakota State Historical Society, had a vision of a massive mountain memorial carved from stone ...

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