Fort Necessity National Battlefield

Fort Necessity National Battlefield

Quick Facts

Fort Necessity National Battlefield

Pennsylvania

(724) 329-5512

Map Directions

Things To Do

Overview

This opening battle of the French and Indian War began a seven year struggle between Great Britain and France for control of North America. The battle at Fort Necessity in the summer of 1754 was the beginning action of the French and Indian War. This war was a clash of British, French and American Indian cultures. It ended with the removal of French power from North America. Great Britain's success in this war helped pave the way for the American Revolution and the stage was set for the American Revolution. Colonial troops commanded by 22 year old Colonel George Washington were defeated in this small stockade at the "Great Meadow". Fort Necessity National Battlefield is located in the mountains of southwestern Pennsylvania, about 11 miles east of Uniontown. The park comprises approximately 900 acres in three separate sites. The main unit contains the visitor center, the battlefield with the reconstructed Fort Necessity, and the Mount Washington Tavern. The Braddock Grave unit is approximately 1.5 miles west of the main unit and the Jumonville Glen unit is approximately seven miles northwest of the main unit.

Map of Fort Necessity

Latitude, Longitude: 39.816247, -79.587131

READ MORE

Activities

  • Hiking

    Follow the short paved path from the visitor center to the Great Meadow and Fort Necessity, where the French & Indian War began.

    You may wish to take the short hike to the Mount Washington Tavern. In the spring, summer and fall, tours of the tavern are available when staffing permits. The Mount Washington Tavern operated as a stage stop from 1828 to 1855. It is now a museum focusing on life along the National Road. A monument marks the final resting place of British General Edward Braddock at the Braddock Grave Unit. Outdoor exhibits explain the ill-fated Braddock Campaign of 1755. A trace of the Braddock Road is clearly visible at this site. Visit Jumonville Glen, the site of Washington's first encounter with the French. Outdoor exhibits help visitors understand the event.

  • Historic Sites

    The Fort Necessity/National Road Interpretive and Education Center is the visitor center for the park. The twenty-minute orientation film "Road of Necessity" takes viewer along the path from Washington's first trip over the Alleghenies to the creation of the National Road. Interactive exhibits in the center immerse the visitor in the French and Indian War and the heyday of stagecoach and wagon travel along the National Road. The visitor center is the best place to begin your visit. The ranger on duty will answer your questions and collect your entrance fee. The fort is about 200 yards from the visitor center. Talks, tours and historic weapons demonstrations are offered in the meadow near Fort Necessity during the summer months. Get a complete schedule of activities at the visitor center.

    Tours of the Mount Washington Tavern are available in the spring summer and fall when staffing permits. The Mount Washington Tavern operated as a stage stop from 1828 to 1855. It now serves as a museum focusing on life along the National Road.

    At the Braddock Grave Unit, outdoor exhibits explain the ill-fated Braddock Campaign of 1755. A trace of the Braddock Road is clearly visible at this site. A monument marks the final resting place of British General Edward Braddock.

    Jumonville Glen, approximately seven miles from Fort Necessity, is the site of Washington's first encounter with the French. A half-mile loop trail leads from the parking lot to the glen. A natural rock outcropping marks the site of the skirmish. Interpretive signs help visitors understand the event. Jumonville Glen is open from 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. during the summer months only.

  • Picnicking

    There is a wooded picnic area within the park as well as tables near the visitor center. There are no grills available or fires allowed near the visitor center tables.

  • Winter Sports

    Five miles of hiking trails lead through forest and meadows around Fort Necessity. Cross-country skiing is available in winter. The trails are not groomed. Trails lead through forest and meadows around Fort Necessity. There is also a loop trail at Jumonville Glen and a short walking path at Braddock's Grave.

Park Partners

Friends of Fort Necessity

The Friends of Fort Necessity has a goal of preserving of the history of the Fort Necessity National Battlefield.

In order to memorialize the history of Fort Necessity National Battlefield and its role in the development of the United States, the friends may choose to raise funds, manage assets and distribute resources, promote volunteerism at the park, and in other ways support Fort Necessity National Battlefield.

If you are interested in joining you may sign up at the Fort Necessity visitor center or e-mail [email protected]

Directions

Driving

The main unit of the park is located 11 miles east of Uniontown, Pennsylvania on U.S. Highway 40. The visitor center, reconstructed Fort Necessity, Mount Washington Tavern and picnic area are located in the main unit of the park. From downtown Pittsburgh, take US 51 South to Uniontown to US 119 South - (bypass). Follow US 40 East and the park entrance is on right 11 miles east of Uniontown.

Flying

The Fort Necessity National Battlefield is located less than 2 hours from Greater Pittsburgh International Airport. Commuter flights may be available to Morgantown, West Virginia (45 minutes away) or Connellsville, Pennsylvania(25 minutes away).

Public Transportation

Regularly Scheduled busses run from Uniontown and Nemacolin Woodlands past Fort Necessity. Call Fayette Area Coordinated Transport (FACT) 724-430-4600 for schedule information.

Phone Numbers

Primary

(724) 329-5512

Links