Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania National Military Park

Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania National Military Park

History

People

CONFEDERATE LEADERS

*Jubal Early Biographical sketch
*Jubal Early Biographical sketch and photo
*Richard Ewell Biographical sketch and photo
*John Gordon Biographical sketch and photo
*John Gordon Lengthy biographical sketch and photo
*A.P. Hill Biographical sketch and photo
*A.P. Hill The most detailed website on General Hill.
*John Bell Hood Biographical sketch and photo
*John Bell Hood More detailed information on General Hood
*Jedediah Hotchkiss Photo and biographical sketch. Stonewall Jackson's topographer
*Stonewall Jackson VMI website on Jackson with great information and links
*Stonewall Jackson Photo and biographical sketch
*Richard Kirkland Biographical sketch and photo of Kirkland Monument
*Robert E. Lee Good information and links
*Robert E. Lee Historical Preservation Site Lots of information and links
*James Longstreet Chronicles. Good information and links
*James Longstreet Biographical sketch
*Lafayette McLaws Biographical sketch and links
*John Pelham Biographical sketch and photo
*George Pickett Biographical sketch
*JEB Stuart Biographical sketch

UNION LEADERS

*Ambrose Burnside Biographical sketch and photo
*Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain Pages
*Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain Biographical sketch and photo
*George Armstrong Custer Photo and biographical sketch. Custer was present during the Battle of Fredericksburg and participated in the Battle of The Wilderness and Todd's Tavern. He also used Chatham as a headquarters in the late summer of 1863.
*US Grant Network Lots of information and links
*Winfield Scott Hancock Biographical information and links
*Winfield Scott Hancock Biographical sketch and photo
*Oliver Wendell Holmes Information and links. Holmes served as a captain in the 20th Massachusetts in battles around Fredericksburg and was wounded at 2nd Fredericksburg. He was later a Supreme Court Justice and one of the most influential men in early 20th century America.
*Joseph Hooker Source Page Photos, biographical sketch and links
*George Meade Biographical information and links
*Nelson Miles Biographical sketch and photo
*John Reynolds Biographical sketch and photo
*Washington Roebling Roebling designed the Brooklyn Bridge and served as an engineer with the Army of the Potomac. Biographical sketch
*Washington Roebling Biographical information emphasizing his civilian engineering feats
*John Sedgwick Biographical sketch and photo
*John Sedgwick Biographical sketch and information on his death with links to additional information
*Phil Sheridan Biographical sketch and photo
*Daniel Sickles Biographical sketch and photo
*George Sykes Biographical sketch and photo

Other Prominent People Associated With The Battles

The following people were at Chatham during the war when it was used as a hospital.

*Clara Barton at Chatham
*Dorthea Dix Biographical sketch and photo
*Dr. Mary Walker She was a physician in the Civil War. The Congressional Medal of Honor was given to her in 1865 and then rescinded in 1917, possibly in her case because she became a suffragette but at the same time some 1000 Medals of Honor were rescinded in an effort to "increase the prestige of the grant." She refused to actually return the medal and wore it all her life. In 1977 the U.S. Congress reinstated the medal (posthumously, of course). She is the only woman from the Civil War (and still possibly the only woman) to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor. Her name appears on a plaque in the Pentagon.
*Walt Whitman He assisted doctors at Chatham

Other Prominent People Associated With The Park 

*George Washington often visited Chatham Manor since he grew up on the adjoining property now called Ferry Farm.
*Thomas Jefferson was a good friend of the Fitzhugh's who built Chatham. Recent research documents Jefferson's presence at Chtham. Other famous people who have been in Chatham Manor besides many Union generals and 20th century historians include George C. Marshall, Senator Edward Kennedy and possily Dwight David Eisenhower. Among the 15 owners of Chatham are William Fitzhugh who was well known in Colonial Virginia and John Lee Pratt who was Chairman of the Board of General Motors.

Places

In addition to the park visitor centers at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, there are four historic buildings that are open to the public. Chatham is open daily, the others less often depending upon the time of year.

* Chatham Manor is a stately colonial mansion with beautiful gardens and views of old town Fredericksburg and the Rappahannock River. The house was a major Union headquarters and hospital during the Civil War. It is possible that no home in America has a longer list of famous people who have walked the floors of this historic building. Half of the ten rooms have exhibits and docents are on hand to give tours and answer questions. It is also the park headquarters. It is open daily 9:00-4:30.
* Salem Church is a Baptist Church that served as a refugee center for the citizens of Fredericksburg during the Battle of Fredericksburg. During the Chancellorsville Campaign, on May 3, 1863, fighting surged around the church. In the aftermath of the fighting the church was used as a hospital by the Confederates. The church is closed until next summer. The grounds are open daily during daylight hours.
* Stonewall Jackson Shrine is where Confederate General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson died on May 10, 1863. After being wounded at Chancellorsville on May 2, Jackson was transported to Guniea Station to await the repair of the railroad which would send him to a hospital in Richmond. He developed pneumonia and died. The room he died in contains the original bedframe, blanket and clock. The building is open daily from 9:00-5:00 through October 28. From October 29 through early April, the  building will probably be open on Saturdays, Sundays and Mondays only. The grounds are open daily during daylight hours. When the buidling is open, historians tell visitors about the last days of Jackson's life. The pastoral grounds are open daily during daylight hours.
* Ellwood Manor was used as a hospital by the Confederates during the Chancellorsville Campaign and as a headquarters and hospital by the Union during the Wilderness Camapign. "Stonewall" Jackson's arm is buried in the family cemetery. The pastoral grounds around Ellwood are a pleasant change to the urban sprawl and nosiy traffic that dominates the Fredericksburg area. The building and grounds are open from 11:00-5:00 on Saturdays, Sundays and holidays through October 28. At all other times, to visit the grounds, you must register your vehicle at the Chancellorsville Visitor Center where you will receive a pass and directions.

Share Your History

Guidelines for Submitting Photographs for the

"Faces of the Civil War" Exhibit

The National Park Service welcomes new photographs of soldiers and their families for its "Faces of the Civil War" exhibit. The soldiers must have fought in at least one of the four Fredericksburg-area battles. If you would like to add your ancestor's image to the exhibit simply send a wartime image of the individual to the following address:

You may also send the image digitally, addressing your email to: e-mail us.

(Note the underscore line between the names "donald" and "pfanz.")

To use a soldier's image in the exhibit we must know his name and regiment. (e.g., 3rd New York Light Artillery, 69th Pennsylvania Infantry; 12th Virginia Cavalry). In addition, please supply as much of the following information as possible:

A typical submission might read:

John Doe, born January 10, 1840, was a sergeant in the 23rd New York Infantry. He enlisted as a private on May 23, 1861, in New York City, and was promoted to sergeant on February 7, 1863. He was shot through the right arm at Chancellorsville on May 3, 1863. Doctors amputated his injured limb, and he was discharged from the service on December 12. After the war he married Sarah Jones and had six children. He worked as a shopkeeper in Poughkeepsie, New York, and served one term as mayor of the town. He died on August 5, 1905 at the age of 65.

We will use the information that you give use to write the caption that will accompany the soldier's photograph. We will keep the information on file and share it with visitors who inquire about the individual.

You may submit more than one image for this exhibit. By submitting an image you agree to allow the National Park Service to use that image in its exhibit and to share any information about the soldier with the public.

The National Park Service cannot guarantee that pictures submitted for this exhibit will be used. If they are used, the National Park Service guarantees that they will remain on display for at least one year. The criteria for selecting images for the exhibit appear below. Photographs submitted for this exhibit will be kept on file by the National Park Service unless the owner specifically requests that they be returned.

This exhibit is financially self-sustaining. Each application for the "Faces of the Civil War" exhibit must be accompanied by a check for fifty dollars. The money will be used to pay for production of the exhibit panel. If the National Park Service chooses not to use an image in the exhibit, the application fee will be returned.

Selection Criteria

Photographs, paintings, and other types of images are accepted. Preferably soldiers should appear in uniform, although images of them in civilian clothes may be accepted if the image was taken immediately before or after the war. Selection will be based on the quality of the image..

The National Park Service will accept images of either soldiers or members of their family. Photographs of small family groups are welcome (a soldier and his wife and/or children; two brothers; a mother and her son, etc.). Applicants may submit photographs of more than one individual.

Images should depict individuals as they appeared at the time of the war. Photographs of aging veterans will not be accepted. Soldiers must have participated in at least one of the four following battles: Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Wilderness, or Spotsylvania Court House.

Thank you for your interest in the "Faces of the Civil War" exhibit. If you have additional questions about the exhibit or about the application process, please contact Staff Historian Donald Pfanz at 540-372-3031 or Curator Janice Frye at 540-786-0605.