Halfbreed Lake National Wildlife Refuge

Quick Facts

Halfbreed Lake National Wildlife Refuge


(406) 538-8706


Things To Do


Halfbreed Lake National Wildlife Refuge is part of the Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge. This small satellite Refuge was established primarily to protect wetlands for migratory birds and waterfowl. Extending 125 miles up the Missouri River from the Fort Peck Dam in north-central Montana, the Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) is approximately 1,100,000 acres in size and includes the 245,000 acre Fort Peck Reservoir. Given the size and remoteness of the Refuge, the area has changed very little from the historic voyage of Lewis and Clark through the era of outlaws and homesteaders. Visitors will find spectacular examples of native prairie, forested coulees, river bottoms, and "breaks" badlands. Elk, mule deer, pronghorn, bighorn sheep, sage and sharp-tailed grouse, and bald eagles make the Refuge home. The Refuge's namesake famously portrayed this rich diversity of native wildlife and habitats in many of his paintings. Hunting and fishing opportunities abound on Charles M. Russell NWR, its satellite Refuges, and the Waterfowl Production Areas. Boating is popular on the Missouri River and Fort Peck Reservoir. Several state parks and recreational areas have been developed within the Refuge. Each fall, hundreds of elk congregate in the Slippery Ann Wildlife Viewing Area, creating a spectacle not to be missed. Camping is permitted anywhere on the Refuge. The entire Refuge is open to hiking and horseback riding although no formal trails exist. Wildlife viewing and photography opportunities are found throughout the Refuge.

Map of Halfbreed Lake NWR

Latitude, Longitude: 45.944704, -109.104538



  • Camping

    Except where designated as closed, camping (other than backpacking) must take place within 100 yards of the waters of the Missouri River and Fort Peck Reservoir or within 100 yards of numbered roads that are designated as open.

  • Fishing

    Fishing is permitted on the Refuge. Anglers often catch catfish, walleye, northern pike, sauger, perch, smallmouth bass, bullhead, paddlefish, and lake troute from the Missouri River and Fort Peck Reservoir.

  • Hiking

    Hiking is permitted anywhere in the area, but there are no designated trails.

  • Hunting

    Hunting on the Refuge is permitted for mule deer, white-tailed deer, pronghorn antelope, big horn sheep, elk, coyotes, waterfowl, and upland game birds. Coyote hunting is allowed from the first day of the antelope rifle season through March 1. Coyotes may be hunted only from 1/2 hour before sunrise to 1/2 hour after sunset (no permit required). Coyotes cannot be hunted with the aid of electronic calls, aircraft, or mechanized vehicles. Waterfowl and upland game bird hunting is allowed in accordance with State seasons and limits.

Phone Numbers


(406) 538-8706