Horseshoe Bend National Military Park

Quick Facts

Horseshoe Bend National Military Park

Alabama

(256) 234-7111

Map Directions

Things To Do

Overview

Horseshoe Bend National Military Park preserves an epic historical battle that helped bring Andrew Jackson national attention and got him to be elected the seventh President of the United States in 1828. On the morning of 27 March 1814, General Andrew Jackson and an army of 3,300 men consisting of Tennessee militia, United States regulars and both Cherokee and Lower Creek allies attacked Chief Menawa and 1,000 Upper Creek or Red Stick warriors fortified in the "horseshoe" bend of the Tallapoosa River. To seal off the bend of the river, the Upper Creeks built an incredibly strong 400 yard long barricade made of dirt and logs. As the Cherokee and Lower Creek warriors swam the Tallapoosa and attacked from the rear, Jackson launched the militia and regular soldiers against the barricade. Facing overwhelming odds, the Red Sticks fought bravely yet ultimately lost the battle. Over 800 Upper Creeks died at Horseshoe Bend defending their homeland. This was the final battle of the Creek War of 1813-14, which is considered part of the War of 1812. In a peace treaty signed after the battle, both the Upper and Lower Creeks were forced to give the United States nearly 20 million acres of land in what is today Alabama and Georgia.

Take a ride along the Tour Road, visit exhibitions detailing the history of the area, or just walk around and remember the solemn events that took place here.

Map of Horseshoe Bend

Latitude, Longitude: 32.982264, -85.735323

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Activities

  • Boating

    Over 15,000 people launch vessels at the Miller Bridge Boat Ramp each year to explore the winding Tallapoosa River. Primarily used by canoeists, the area near this boat ramp is extremely rocky with depths and currents dependent on adjacent Lake Martin. Information is available on canoe routes and access points. Camping is not permitted along the Tallapoosa River within the park.

  • Bicycling

    Highway 49 leading to the park is narrow and winding with no shoulders. Cyclists traveling to the park should use extreme caution, wear helmets, and use mirrors. Bicycling is permitted on the paved Tour Road and the 12 miles of unpaved access roads in the park. The unpaved roads are quite rugged and require mountain bike or similar "fat tire" types of cycles. Check at the information desk for more information on unpaved roads. Cyclists should wear helmets and other protective gear at all times while riding in the park.

    Cycling is not permitted on the nature trail, the Battlefield, Tohopeka Village, or any cross country locations. Bike racks are provided at the Visitor Center. Children under the age of 16 should be accompanied by a responsible adult when cycling in the park.

  • Auto/Motorcycle

    The 3 mile Tour Road includes a one-way loop and skirts the edge of the battlefield and winds along the bend of the Tallapoosa River for which the park is named. The speed limit is 15 miles per hour and is strictly enforced. Most of the area available from the Tour Road is designated a commemorative area with recreational activities prohibited except exploration by foot. 557 Creek warriors and 49 U.S. soldiers died on this ground, making it a solemn experience.

  • Fishing

    Shorefishing is allowed at the Miller Bridge Boat Ramp only. An Alabama State Fishing License is required.

  • Hiking

    A 2.8 mile long nature trail winds its way around the Battlefield and near Tohopeka Village, the site of a Creek Indian camp in the early 1800s. Those using the trail should wear comfortable walking shoes, a hat, a jacket, and sunscreen. Bring water and a snack. The trail is mildly rigorous.

  • Picnicking

    Horseshoe Bend NMP offers two picnic areas. The larger is located near the Visitor Center and includes two covered shelters. The smaller offers uncovered picnic tables near the Miller Bridge Boat Ramp on Highway 49. Picnicking is not permitted on the battlefield or in Tohopeka Village site. Tables and shelters are available on a first come, first served basis only.

  • Water Sports

    Canoeing and other boating is allowed in the park. Always wear a lifejacket.

Seasonality/Weather

Open year-round.

Directions

Driving

The park is located in east central Alabama, on State Highway 49, 12 miles north of the town of Dadeville, between the towns of Dadeville and New Site. Signs along U.S. Highway 280 and State Road 22 direct motorist to the park.

Flying

Plane - The nearest commerical airports are located in Montgomery, AL (65 miles), Birmingham, AL (85 miles) or Atlanta, GA (110 miles).

Public Transportation

The park is accessible only by personal vehicle or tour buses via state roads.

Phone Numbers

Primary

(256) 234-7111

Links