Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge

Quick Facts

Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge

New York

(585) 948-5445

Map Directions

Things To Do


Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge offers a variety of ways to experience and learn about nature including hunting, skiing, hiking, fishing, and more. The Refuge located in the rural towns of Alabama and Shelby mid-way between Rochester and Buffalo, NY has been described as one of the best kept secrets of Western New York. Teeming with wildlife and wild lands the Refuge offers opportunities for the public to experience nature in all seasons. The Refuge is one of over 500 National Wildlife Refuges in the United States which are managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The National Wildlife Refuge System is the only network of federal lands dedicated specifically to wildlife conservation. The relatively flat terrain of Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge encompasses wetlands, upland forests, shrublands and grasslands. Wetlands are the dominant habitat type on the Refuge. Wetlands include emergent marsh, shrub-scrub wetlands and forested wetlands (bottomland hardwood swamp).

Map of Iroquois NWR

Latitude, Longitude: 43.109129, -78.396549



  • Boating

    Canoes, kayaks or fishing boats without motors may access Oak Orchard Creek between Knowlesville Road and Route 63. Watch for obstructions including beaver dams.

  • Bird Watching

    The refuge lies along the Atlantic Flyway, a major north/south route traveled by migrating birds between their nesting and wintering grounds. Two hundred and sixty six species of birds have been recorded on Iroquois. Sixty species are considered year-round residents. Common bird sightings include bald eagles, red-tailed hawks, American kestrel and osprey.

  • Fishing

    Fishing is allowed during state seasons within designated areas. Species include black bass, crappie,bullhead, northern pike, carp and a variety of pan fish. Boating, by unmotorized boat, is permitted in Oak Orchard Creek only, between Knowlesville Road and Route 63. All State laws as well as specific Refuge regulations apply.

  • Hiking

    The refuge maintains three nature trails and four overlooks, one of which has a wheelchair-accessible deck. A 3.5 mile section of the historic Feeder Road which passes through the refuge is open for walking and bicycles and a 7.5 mile cross-country ski trial encircles Mohawk Pool.

  • Hunting

    The refuge is open to hunting during most New York State seasons. Special regulations, permits and some fees apply. The refuge holds special youth-only hunting days during the waterfowl and the spring turkey hunting seasons. All State laws as well as specific Refuge regulations apply.

  • Wildlife Watching

    The refuge has recorded 42 species on the land. Animals you may spot during your trip include white-tailed deer, muskrat, red fox, eastern cottontail, and gray squirrel.

  • Winter Sports

    The Mohawk Ski Trail begins and ends at the Visitor Contact Station on Casey Road. This ungroomed and mostly flat 7.5 mile loop goes though woods, fields and around marshes affording skiers the opportunity to enjoy a variety of habitats characteristic of Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge. The trail merges with a section of the Kanyoo Nature Trail and the Feeder Road as it circles Mohawk Pool. Mohawk Ski Trail Closes March 1 when nesting season begins to provide undisturbed nesting and resting areas for wildlife.


The refuge headquarters/visitor contact station - open year-round, Monday - Friday; 7:30 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (except holidays), Saturday and Sunday from mid-March - May. Outdoor facilities are open daily, sunrise to sunset (year-round). This includes nature trails, overlooks, fishing areas and hunting areas. From March 1 through July 15 all areas of the refuge except nature trails, overlooks and designated fishing areas are closed to all public access to protect nesting wildlife.

Park Partners



From the New York State Thruway (I-90) take exit 48-A (Pembroke/Medina). Go north on Route 77 for approximately 8 miles. At the 4-way stop light in Alabama Center continue straight for one more mile to Casey Road. Turn left on Casey Rd. The Headquarters Building is one mile west.

Phone Numbers


(585) 948-5445