Karl E. Mundt National Wildlife Refuge

Quick Facts

Karl E. Mundt National Wildlife Refuge

South Dakota

(605) 487-7603

Map Directions

Things To Do


Karl E. Mundt National Wildlife Refuge, located in southern South Dakota, includes 1,085 acres. Part of the Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge Complex, the refuge is managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Karl Mundt NWR was established in 1974 for bald eagle protection and is closed to the public. The Fort Randle Dam on the Missouri River provides great views of the refuge. The Karl E. Mundt NWR is home to the largest concentration of bald eagles in the continguous United States. Over two hundred eagles spend their winters in the refuge. The refuge was named for former South Dakota Senator Karl Mundt because he was an active supporter of the Endangered Species Act. The Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge Complex consists of Lake Andes and Karl E. Mundt National Wildlife Refuges (NWR) and Lake Andes Wetland Management District (WMD). The Complex headquarters is located on the east side of Lake Andes. Lake Andes NWR was established in 1936. It currently consists of 780 acres of fee title lands and a 305-acre easement. Lake Andes WMD was established in 1961.

The Complex provides for life requirements of threatened and endangered species - particularly the bald eagle. Station objectives include providing habitat for waterfowl and other migratory birds. Maintenance of natural diversity of the prairie ecosystem is a major goal. The area hosts migrant waterfowl populations, which can be measured by the tens of thousands during peak fall and spring migration periods. The bald eagle has an obvious presence during those periods. The Karl Mundt Unit serves as an invaluable roost area for eagles - numbers of which may approach 200 during harsh winters.

Map of Karl E. Mundt NWR

Latitude, Longitude: 43.176641, -98.456726



The refuge is closed to the public year-round. For a chance to see bald eagles, visitors can visit overlook areas in the winter.



The Lake Andes NWR Complex headquarters is located on the east shore of Lake Andes. From Ravinia, South Dakota, travel 2 miles north on the county gravel road and 1.5 east to reach the Refuge headquarters. From the community of Lake Andes, travel north .5 mile then east 3.5 miles on a hard-surfaced county road, crossing the Lake from west to east before reaching the office and visitor center nestled under the cottonwoods.

Phone Numbers


(605) 487-7603