Princeton Battlefield State Park

Quick Facts

Princeton Battlefield State Park

New Jersey

(609) 921-0074

Map Directions

Things To Do

     

Overview

On January 3, 1777, the peaceful winter fields and woods of Princeton Battlefield were transformed into the site of what is considered to be the fiercest fight of its size during the American Revolution. During this desperate battle, American troops under General George Washington surprised and defeated a force of British Regulars. Coming at the end of "The Ten Crucial Days," which saw the well-known night crossing of the Delaware River and two battles in Trenton, the Battle of Princeton gave Washington his first victory against the British Regulars on the field. The battle extended over a mile away to the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University). The famous Mercer Oak, once stood in the middle of the battlefield, not far from the spot where General Hugh Mercer fell during the Battle of Princeton. The Clarke House, built by Thomas Clarke in 1772, witnessed the fierce fighting and served as sanctuary for General Mercer, who died there nine days later. The house contains period furniture and Revolutionary War exhibits.

Adjacent to the park, the Institute Woods is comprised of a 588-acre mixed hardwood, wetlands and agricultural land with a variety of trails. Most trails are level to slightly graded. Hiking trails lead to the Delaware and Raritan Canal and the Institute for Advanced Study Woods.

Map of Princeton Battlefield (NJ)

Latitude, Longitude: 40.330628, -74.674703

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Activities

  • Hiking

    Adjacent to the park, the Institute Woods is comprised of a 588 acre mixed hardwood, wetlands and agricultural land with a variety of trails. Most trails are level to slightly graded.

  • Historic Sites

    Within the park are Princeton Battlefield, the Clarke House Museum, Offspring, Mercer Oak, the Ionic Colonnade designed by Thomas U. Walter (architect of the US Capitol Building), and a stone patio marking the grave of 21 British and 15 American soldiers killed in the battle. A poem was written for the site by Alfred Noyes, Poet Laureate of England. There is also the Princeton Battle Monument, designed by sculptor Frederick MacMonnies and dedicated by President Harding, is located on park property at Stockton Street and Bayard Street in Princeton.

  • Winter Sports

    Cross-country skiing is enjoyed in the park during the winter months.

Seasonality/Weather

The park is open daily from sunrise to sunset.

Directions

Driving

The park is located on Mercer Road (Princeton Pike). It is 1.5 miles south of Princeton University and 3.8 miles north of Interstate 295/95.

Phone Numbers

Primary

(609) 921-0074

Links