Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge

Quick Facts

Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge


(775) 423-5128

Map Directions

Things To Do


The Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge Complex consists of Stillwater Refuge, Fallon Refuge, and Anaho Island Refuge in western Nevada. Together, these refuges encompass approximately 163,000 acres of wetland and upland habitats, freshwater and brackish water marshes, cottonwood and willow riparian areas, alkali playas, salt desert shrub lands, sand dunes, and a 500-acre rocky island in a desert lake. Nearly 400 wildlife species*including more than 260 bird species rely on these habitats. The refuges provide important migration, breeding, and wintering habitat for up to 1 million migratory birds, including waterfowl, shorebirds, colonial nesting water birds, and neotropical migratory birds. Stillwater and Fallon Refuges are part of the Lahontan Valley Shorebird Reserve, one of only 16 sites recognized for their international importance by the Western Hemispheric Shorebird Reserve Network. The Lahontan Valley wetlands also are listed as a Globally Important Bird Area by the American Bird Conservancy. Anaho Island Refuge provides secure habitat for one of the largest American white pelican breeding colonies in the western United States. To provide a secure environment for nesting birds, Anaho Island Refuge is closed to all public use.

Map of Stillwater NWR

Latitude, Longitude: 39.533439, -118.491669



  • Boating

    New refuge boating rules effective March 2010 for waterfowl season 2010 - 2011 (Oct - Jan). Boating is not allowed anywhere on the refuge outside of general and youth waterfowl season, EXCEPT on West Marsh (Willow and Millen Lakes) where non-motorized (rafts, canoes, kayaks under human power) boating is allowed year-round. No boats are allowed in: N. Pintail Bay, N. Nutgrass Lake, and E. Lead Lake. Non-motorized boats (includes human-powered rafts, canoes, kayaks, float tubes, boats and similar watercraft without engines or props) are allowed in: West Marsh*, Swan Lake, Tule Lake, Goose Lake, S. Pintail Bay, S. Nutgrass Lake, W. Nutgrass Lake, Swan Check Lake, and South Lead Lake. Motorized boats (no h.p limits; includes Go-Devils, electric/trolling, outboard and similarly non-human powered craft) allowed in: Tule Lake, Goose Lake, S. Pintail Bay, S. Nutgrass Lake, and N. and S. Lead Lake. Airboats (operators must possess a FWS Special Use Permit, issued by the Stillwater NWR Headquarters in Fallon, prior to launching at the refuge; permit number must be visible on fins; call 775-423-5128 for more information) allowed in: Goose Lake, S. Nutgrass Lake and S. Pintail Bay.

    NOTE: Airboats are not allowed on the water on opening day of waterfowl season until 1 hr AFTER legal shoot time.

  • Bird Watching

    The refuge is home for over 160 species of birds. A complete list can be found at the refuge headquarters.

  • Auto/Motorcycle

    Important road information for Stillwater NWR: West County and North Roads are very rough and impassable in bad weather. Please be advised.

    NOTICE: All refuge roads are open and passable at this time, however conditions can change with the weather. Please call the refuge office at 775-423-5128 for current road conditions. Vehicles must remain on designated public access roads.


  • Hiking

    Contact the area for more information.

  • Hunting

    Waterfowl hunting is allowed north of Division Road only. General waterfowl season begins October 16, 2010 and continues until January 29, 2011. Any person 12 years or older who plans to hunt any kind of migratory game bird, including ducks, geese, swans, rails, coot, doves, snipe, or gallinules in Nevada this year, is required to ANNUALLY obtain a Harvest Information Program (HIP) validation number and write it on their hunting license before entering the field. Waterfowl hunting hours are one-half hour before sunrise to sunset. Waterfowl season and limit brochures will be available at NDOW offices and license agents. Migratory game birds are ducks, mergansers, geese, swans, coots, moorhens, snipe and dove. Head or fully feathered wing must remain attached while in transit from the field for ducks, mergansers, coots and moorhens, snipe, geese and swans. Please report bird bands. When you call the Bird Banding Lab, they will ask when and where you encountered the bird. You can then find out when and where the bird was banded.

    Please check Nevada State Hunting Regulations for 2011 waterfowl season dates and bag limits. Waterfowl hunting is allowed on Stillwater NWR following State and Refuge-specific regulations.

    In regards to upland bird, small and big game hunting please note that within Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge, Hunt Zone is open north of Division Road only during legal NV state seasons. Rifles and pistols are NOT allowed for hunting on refuge lands. Only shotguns using approved non-toxic shot (no lead) are allowed for waterfowl, upland bird and small game hunting (this includes rabbits and coyotes). Mule deer hunting is allowed on Stillwater NWR to those holding a legal NV deer tag, during regulated seasons only. Deer hunting is with shotgun, archery, or muzzle-loader weapons, north of Division Rd only. NOTE: non-toxic shot rules do not apply to mule deer hunting. Lead slugs are allowed.


The weather in the Great Basin can be extreme, and droughts or floods are not uncommon. If you know when you will be traveling through the area, call the park at (775) 423-5128 for up-to-date information on roads and weather conditions.



From Fallon, Nevada, follow U.S. Highway 50 east approximately 5 miles. Turn left onto Stillwater Road and follow the "Watchable Wildlife" signs to the refuge entrance (approximately 15 miles). Visitors are encouraged to stop at the refuge Field Office at 380 Triple E Lane (located on the road to the Refuge) to obtain a map and additional information prior to visiting the refuge.

Phone Numbers


(775) 423-5128