Bush Mill Stream Natural Area Preserve

Quick Facts

Bush Mill Stream Natural Area Preserve


(804) 225-2303

Map Directions

Things To Do



At the mouth of Bush Mill Stream freshwater meets the saltwater of the Great Wicomico River. Fresh to brackish tidal marshes and mud flats are hidden between the steep-sided forested shores of this upper Coastal Plain stream. The quiet waters are home and resting area for an abundance of waterfowl and wading birds, including colonial nesting birds and raptors. One of Virginia's largest heron rookeries is a short distance upstream from Bush Mill Stream Natural Area Preserve. At all times of the year, but particularly when parents are feeding their young, the marshes and adjacent tidal mud flats attract large numbers of great blue herons.

This remote reach of stream and river is an excellent example of a habitat that once was abundant in the Chesapeake Bay drainage. Several ancient oaks and large mountain laurel remain in the mostly second-growth forest of this preserve.

Map of Bush Mill Stream Natural Area Preserve (VA)

Latitude, Longitude: 37.877292, -76.444931



  • Hiking

    The preserve can accommodate low impact activities, such as bird watching, hiking and nature photography. Off-road vehicles, bicycles, horseback riding and unrestrained pets would damage the preserve's resources and are not permitted.


Spring and fall are generally comfortable with precipitation possible. Summers can be hot and humid with average temperatures in the high 80s and with sudden thunderstorms possible. July and August are the hottest months. Winters can be cold with average temperatures in the winter of 41 degrees with variable precipitation.



From Kilmarnock, go north on VA 200 towards Burgess. In Wicomico Church, turn left onto VA 609. Turn right onto VA 610, and then left onto VA 642. Follow VA 642 until you see the sign for Bush Mill Stream.

Phone Numbers


(804) 225-2303