Caledon Natural Area

Quick Facts

Caledon Natural Area


(540) 663-3861

Map Directions

Things To Do


A designated National Natural Landmark, Caledon provides visitors the unique opportunity of viewing bald eagles in their natural habitat. Caledon and the surrounding areas are the summer home for one of the largest concentrations of bald eagles on the East Coast. As many as 60 eagles have been spotted on the bluffs overlooking the Potomac River in King George County. Preservation of the national bird's habitat is the primary focus of the natural area. Visitors can enjoy the beauty of Caledon by hiking and picnicking in a mature forest. They can learn more about the natural history of Caledon by touring the visitor center.

Located in the Smoot House, the visitor center features exhibits on the bald eagle and on the park's history. Environmental education facilities are available for school groups and research. Exhibits depicting representative habitats of Caledon and covering the park's ongoing resource management activities are free to the public. Open Wednesday through Sunday, Memorial Day through Labor Day.

Map of Caledon Natural Area (VA)

Latitude, Longitude: 38.348926, -77.125397



  • Camping

    Rental rates for cabins and camping vary by season, offering and park. Rates are subject to verification by DCR's state parks reservations staff (1-800-933-PARK). First, determine the appropriate season, which can vary by park, then the relevant rate. (Note: Caledon has no overnight facilities.)

  • Hiking

    Five hiking trails in the natural area are open year-round and take park visitors through environmentally sensitive marshlands and picturesque wooded areas of the park. The 3.5 mile Boyd's Hole Trail leading to the Potomac River is the most popular of the trails. Because human traffic disturbs the park's summer population of roosting and foraging eagles, this trail is only open from Oct. 1 through March 31.

  • Hunting

    Hunting is not permitted in the park.

  • Picnicking

    The park's picnic shelter can be rented 8 a.m. - close (all day). The shelter accommodates 40 comfortably, is handicap accessible and is about 75 feet from the parking area. The shelter has tables, a grill, and the visitor center's restroom is nearby. Call 1-800-933-PARK to reserve.


Spring and fall are generally comfortable with precipitation possible. Summers can be hot and humid with average temperatures in the high 80s and with sudden thunderstorms possible. July and August are the hottest months. Winters can be cold with average temperatures in the winter of 41 degrees with variable precipitation.



Caledon is located in King George County between Fairview Beach and Owens, 23 miles east of Fredericksburg on Route 218. From Fredericksburg, take 218 East for 23 miles. Caledon is on the left. Or you may take Rt. 3 east 18 miles to a left onto Rt. 206 for six miles, then turn left onto Rt. 218 and go about one mile; Caledon is on the right. From U.S. 301 (MD), turn right onto Rt. 206 for four miles to Rt. 218, then west about one mile.

Drive Time: Northern Virginia, 1 hour 45 minutes; Richmond, 1 hour, 30 minutes; Tidewater/Norfolk/Virginia Beach, 3 hours, 30 minutes; Roanoke, 6 hours, 30 minutes.

Phone Numbers


(540) 663-3861