Voyageurs National Park

Voyageurs National Park

Plants

Voyageurs National Park is located in the Southern Biome of the Northern Boreal Forest. A biome is a unit of land that is defined by climate and native vegetation. It's a place where predominantly northern hardwood forest and conifer-dominated southern boreal forest mix and meet.

The area is comprised of a variety of ecological systems, including fire-dependent forests, hardwood forests, peatlands, fens, marshes, rocky outcrops and lakeshore environments. Pine, spruce, and fir are the primary conifers in the park, with aspen and birch forming a high percentage of the deciduous trees.

Historically, fire and wind were the primary disturbance factors shaping the composition and structure of the park's forests. Today, the effects of extensive 20th century logging, changes in the abundance of herbivorous wildlife species, the introduction of invasive non-native species, and a changing climate are also affecting the forest and other plant communities at Voyageurs National Park.