Willamette National Forest

Quick Facts

Willamette National Forest


(541) 225-6300


Things To Do


The Willamette National Forest stretches for 110 miles along the western slopes of the Cascade Range in western Oregon. The Willamette National Forest is named after the Willamette River, which begins on the Forest. (The "Wallamt" was the Indian name for a place on the river near present day Oregon City.)

The Forest's northern extent is the upper reaches of the Santiam River as the melting snow flows off the glaciated slopes of Mount Jefferson; the river supplies drinking and irrigation water to canyon communities and to the City of Salem.

Elevations on the Forest range from about 1,500 feet above sea level to 10,495 feet at the snowcapped top of Mt. Jefferson, Oregon's second highest peak. Most of the Forest is covered with Douglas-fir, the State tree of Oregon and a valuable timber species in the United States. The Forest contains large stands of old-growth Douglas-fir, with diameters ranging from three to eight feet. Old growth stands can be seen at Delta Campground, along Fall Creek Trail, and at other locations throughout the Forest.

Map of Willamette Nat'l Forest

Latitude, Longitude: 44.453300, -122.181415



  • Bicycling

    Mountain biking trails abound on the Forest -- with most on the McKenzie and Middle Fork Ranger Districts, and a few on the Detroit and Sweet Home Ranger Districts.

    Many people enjoy touring on bicycles with stop overs at Forest campgrounds and day use sites. The areas listed here are popular stop offs for bike touring, but there`s really no limit.

    Use caution on forest roads and plan your route ahead of time. Not all forest roads are paved or have suitable shoulders for sharing the road with cars and trucks. Please check for local conditions or with cycling clubs for recommended routes.

    Cycle Oregon and Cascade Cream Puff 100 Mile Race are two examples of the many biking events taking place every year on the Forest. Remember, events like these require a Special Use Permit.

  • Auto/Motorcycle

    Views of soaring peaks including Three-Fingered Jack, Mt. Jefferson, Mt. Washington and the Three Sisters (North Sister, Middle Sister and South Sister) can be seen while traveling along the byways.

    Unique attractions including points of cultural, geological and historical interest can be found featured on interpretive panels and brochures located at many byway pull-offs.

  • Camping

    In addition to more than 70 developed campgrounds that provide a range of settings and experiences, the forest offers a more primitive, or "dispersed camping," experience outside of these developed areas.

    You may camp a maximum of 14 days out of every 60 on the Forest.

  • Fishing

    Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife manages fishing regulations. Fishing permitted in the Forest.

  • Hiking

    The Willamette National Forest has about 1,700 miles of trail. While many are in wilderness areas, a number of trails are low-elevation, easy-access trails for year-round hiking.

    Three scenic low-elevation trails have been designated as National Recreation Trails. Two of them, Fall Creek and McKenzie River Trails, are located within 50 miles of Eugene, and the third, the South Breitenbush Gorge National Recreation Trail, is located 60 miles east of Salem.

    The Willamette has eight wilderness areas, most of which are near major mountain peaks in the Oregon Cascades. While trail maps on this website give you an idea of the length and difficulty of wilderness trails, they are NOT adequate to prepare you for a wilderness experience. Each year several people get lost while hiking in the wilderness. Be sure to have a good, detailed map and compass!

  • Horseback Riding

    Horseback riding and horse camps are present in Willamette National Forest.

  • Hunting

    Please contact the park for information on hunting.

  • Off Highway Vehicles

    OHVs are a great way to combine America's love of motor vehicles with the love of the outdoors. To make your time in the outdoors safe as well as entertaining, you need to know the laws governing OHV use on public land. The cornerstone of any outdoor recreation activity is respect: respect for yourself; respect for others and respect for the environment.

    There are no OHV-only campgrounds on the Willamette National Forest.

    Big Lake Campground is adjacent to the Santiam Pass riding area and serves those seeking a variety of recreational pursuits. OHVs may not be ridden in Big Lake Campground or any other developed campground--except for ingress and egress from/to established campsites from/to an adjacent designated trail.

    Dispersed camping is permitted throughout the forest, including near the Huckleberry Flats OHV and Santiam Pass trail areas.

  • Picnicking

    Whether you're looking for a quiet, secluded spot by the river or a sheltered area for a crowd, there's a multitude of possibilities for your family picnic site.

    Group picnic sites are available on a first come, first served basis. Upper Arm Day Use Area, on Detroit Lake, offers individual, multiple and a group picnic area, near shoreline trails and swimming access.

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    Developed picnic areas typically offer parking, tables and restrooms. Always be prepared to pack out trash and garbage, as onsite garbage service may be limited or not offered in all areas. Some sites require a day use fee or a Northwest Forest Pass.

    Many of the developed campgrounds, boat launches and viewpoints on the forest offer day use picnic sites. Some sites offer picnic shelters which provide shade in summer and cover during rainy weather. Some areas, such as Salt Creek Falls Observation Site [link] on Highway 58 and Paradise Day Use Area on the McKenzie River, offer immediate access to hiking and bicycling trails.

  • Winter Sports

    Two Winter Recreation Areas are hubs for winter sports on the Forest. Activities radiate from the SnoParks in each winter recreation area. Activities include: mushing/skijoring, skiing/snowboarding, sledding/tubing, snowmobiling and XC skiing/snowshoeing.

Phone Numbers


(541) 225-6300



I went up to Hoover Campground on Detroit Lake and found that all 37 First-Come-First-Serve camp sites were empty but had reserved signs on all of them. Why is the camp host allowing people to reserve First-Come-First-Serve camp sites. Since  they are First-Come-First-Serve camp sites and are empty they should be available and not reserved.  If they are going to do this then they should not tell people that they have First-Come-First-Serve camp sites.

I am so sorry to hear about the issues you have faced in regards to the campsites at Willamette National Forest. The Middle Fork Ranger District manages this forest and the rangers would be happy to answer your questions and shed light on the situation you have encountered. Duane Bishop is the District Ranger and may be reached at 541-782-2283 or at [email protected] 

Again, I apologize for the inconvenience. Best wishes to you as you continue to look for campsites.