Madison Wetland Management District

Quick Facts

Madison Wetland Management District

South Dakota

(605) 256-2974

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Things To Do


The Madison Wetland Management District (WMD), a field station of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, was established to preserve wetlands and manage habitat for waterfowl and other wildlife. Headquartered in Madison, South Dakota, the District manages 38,500 acres of purchased upland and wetland areas, called Waterfowl Production Areas (WPAs). Each WPA is unique in its size, wetland type, and plant and animal community. The District thus provides for the needs of a wide range of species such as nesting ducks, migrating geese, deer, muskrat, and neotropical songbirds. The wetlands found on the WPAs also help prevent flooding in rainy years by storing the moisture while it slowly percolates down into the groundwater. The District also administers two easement programs with private landowners. One is a wetland easement program consisting of 52,200 acres of wetlands protected from drainage and the second is a grassland easement program protecting 39,000 acres of grassland from ever being plowed. Lands are acquired, in part, by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service with funds from the sale of Federal Duck Stamps.

The Waterfowl Production Areas of the District are popular spots for wildlife observation, hunting, fishing, and picnicking. Limited interpretive facilities are available at the District Headquarters and at the nearby Madison Waterfowl Production Area.

Map of Madison Wetland Management District

Latitude, Longitude: 43.971075, -97.069531



The district has opportunities for wildlife viewing and recreation throughout the year. Summer average temperatures range from 54-83 F. Winter temperatures range from 2-28 F.



The District headquarters is located 2 miles east of the town of Madison, South Dakota, and 3/4 miles south of the junction of Highway 34 and Highway 19.

Phone Numbers


(605) 256-2974